SIKH, SANT MAT AND RADHASOAMI TERMS
Several of the definitions for the following terms were derived from Glossary of Radhasoami Faith
(Soami Bagh: S.D. Maheshwari, 1967).
Adi Granth: Sikh holy scriptures; also referred to as the Guru Granth Sahib
Adi Purush: Eternal Being.
Advaita: Non-dual; of one or uniform nature.
Agam Lok: The inaccessible region; a sub-division of Sach Khand, the highest plane of consciousness.
Ami: Amrit, nectar.
Anami Lok: Anami means the Nameless, the Absolute, and Lok means region; thus it refers to "The Nameless [Highest] Region."
Anami Purush: Nameless Being; Impersonal Supreme Being.
Anand Swarup: All bliss.
Ashram: Spiritual center or home; oftentimes the residence of a guru.
Audible Life Stream: Inner Sound Current; the name was coined by Julian P. Johnson.
Bani: Sound; word; book; writings.
Beas: A small village situated on the banks of the Beas River in the Punjab; center for the Radhasoami Beas Satsang.
Bhai: Brother disciple.
Bhajan: A form of spiritual practice; listening to the internal
sound or shabd.
Bhakti: Devotion or love; reverence for a sacred object or person.
Bhanwar Gupha: Literally means "rotating cave" or "whirling cave;" fourth spiritual region.
Bibi: Sister disciple.
Brahm: Kal Purush; Universal Mind; Lord of Creation but not highest Being.
Brahma: The Creator god in Hinduism.
Brahman: In Hinduism means Absolute Reality beyond attributes.
Brahmin: Highest caste in Hinduism; usually refers to the priestly class.
Chela: Servant; disciple; follower.
Darshan: Vision or sight, particularly of some saint or holy person.
Dastarbandi: Tying of the turban; ceremony where the successor of a guru is formally installed.
Daswan Dwar:. Literally the tenth door; in terms of the Radhasoami cosmology it means the third spiritual region where one has cast off the universal mind; the abode of a free soul.
Dayal: Merciful or graceful; compassionate.
Dera: Camp or colony; Radha Soami Colony on the banks of the River Beas in the Punjab.
Dharma: Customary observance of caste; religious observances; good works or merit.
Dhun: Sound; melody.
Dhyan: Meditation; contemplation; a form of spiritual practice; beholding the form of one's guru within.
Dristi: Seeing; looking at, usually referring to observation of one's guru.
Dwar: Door; gate; passage; access.
Faqir: An ascetic, a devotee; a saint.
Gaddi Nasheen: The seat of the guru.
Granth: Scripture; term usually given for the holy writings of the Sikh gurus.
Guru: A spiritual guide; one who is an object of reverence; a religious teacher; literally means heavy, weighty.
Gurubhai: Brother of the guru.
Gurubhakti: Devotion to the guru.
Gurumukh: One who is guided by a guru.
Gyani: One who knows, understands fully; a mystic steeped in knowledge.
Huzur or Hazur: Honorific title meaning your Majesty or Highness, usually
given to highly revered saints or gurus.
Jagat: The world, the universe.
Jap: Repeating prayers from scripture or the name of a deity.
Jiva: Individual entity; surat (spirit) bound to pind (body).
Jivan Mukti: Liberation or enlightenment while living.
Jnana: Spiritual knowledge.
Kal: Time; death; calamity or evil.
Kaur: means princess; name for female Khalsa Sikhs
Khalsa: members represent orthodox Sikhism
5Ks: kesh (uncut hair); kirpan (sword); kara (bracelet); kaach (short briefs); kangha (comb)
Logos: A Greek term referring to the Word; in Radhasoami terms refers the shabd or inner sound current.
Lok: A division of the universe into different regions, like spiritual or terrestrial.
Maharaj: Great king or person; a deified teacher; an honorific title for gurus.
Maharishi: Great sage or wise man.
Mat: Doctrine; belief; sect or religious persuasion.
Maya: Illusion; unreality; trick or deceit.
Mehr: Love; kindness; grace; mercy.
Mukti: Liberation; deliverance; re-absorption of the spirit into the Supreme.
Nad: A load roaring sound; a spiritual sound; inner music; shabd.
Nadipurush: One who is an adept in nad (or shabd).
Nal: Path; passage.
Nam: Name; spiritual sound.
Nam-Dam: Receiving nam; the ceremony where the guru instructs the disciple into the techniques necessary for shabd yoga meditation.
Nij Mat: Original doctrine.
Nij Rup: True form of the Supreme.
Niranjan: Void of passion or emotion; free of falsehood; in Radhasoami refers specifically to the presiding deity of the first region (Sahans-dal-kanwal).
Nirguna Bhakti: Nirguna means without attributes or qualities, and bhakti means devotion or worship; a nirguna bhakti mystic, then, worships God as devoid of all properties; another name used for Sant Mat (teachings of the saints).
Nirvana: Liberated from existence; final emancipation from matter and the necessity for further transmigration.
Panch Nam: Panch means five in Hindi and Nam means name; in this context Panch Nam stands for the Five Holy Names given at the time of initiation in the Beas related satsangs.
Panth: Sect or group; usually refers to a religious movement which follows the teachings of some guru or master.
Param Dham: Supreme abode.
Parampara: Guru lineage.
Param Sant: Supreme saint; a saint who has reached the highest
Parmarth: Spiritual way of life; spiritual work.
Pathi: One who reads or chants from the sacred scriptures.
Perfect Master: Honorific title often given to Radhasoami gurus by their disciples.
Prashad: Sanctified object; food or other articles blessed by spiritual teacher.
Puja: Worship; reverence; homage.
Purush: The original source of the universe; the Supreme Being, referred to in Radhasoami often as Radhasoami Dayal.
Radhasoami: Swami (or Soami) literally means Master/Lord, and Radha stands for Soul; it is usually interpreted as "Lord of the Soul."
Radhasoami Anami Purush: The Supreme Lord.
Radhasoami Dham: Dwelling place or region of the Supreme Being.
Ringing Radiance: Inner sound current or shabd, coined by Colin Garbett.
Rup: Form; figure; shape; face; beautiful appearance; spiritually
Sadhu: Holy man, following a path or spiritual discipline; mystic.
Sampradaya: Guru tradition or lineage.
Sahans-dal-kanwal: Land of a thousand lights; the first region in the Radhasoami spiritual cosmology; the astral region.
Samadh: Burial tomb; usually holy place where departed guru's remains are kept.
Sant: Saint; holy person.
Sant Mat: The teachings of the saints.
Sat: True; actual; eternal.
Satguru: A [true] master or spiritual teacher.
Sat Nam: True Name.
Satsang: Place where the spiritual service is held; congregation of earnest devotees.
Satsangi: Disciples of the Radhasoami Faith.
Shabd: Word; sound; spiritual sound.
Simran: Internal repetition of prayers; in Radhasoami the spiritual repetition of the holy name(s).
Singh: Last name given for Khalsa Sikhs; popular last name for
Sikhs in the Punjab and elsewhere.
Soami: Lord; sovereign; spiritual preceptor.
Surat Shabd Yoga: Surat refers to spirit and Shabd to the sound current; hence, it is the union the soul with shabd; the spiritual exercise by which the current of consciousness is applied to the hearing of the sound within; joining the mind and the attention to the sound current.
Swarath Sant: One who has no guru, yet is enlightened; a born saint.
Trikuti: Second spiritual region; literally means "Three Prominence."
Updesh: Instructions; initiation; direction.
Yoga: Union; joining; in Radhasoami refers to uniting the surat with the sound current.
Yogi: One who performs yoga; a devotee; an ascetic; one who has mastered death.